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" Sygate 4 " Tests of Sygate 4 Firewall -->

Tests of Sygate 4.x

oTests oOverviewoPrice oResultsoAdvantagesoDisadvantages oImprovementsoSummaryoReferenceso

A - Security effectiveness Tests

Key criteria in choosing a personnal firewall are :

  • Effectiveness of security protection : penetration, Trojans, controlling leaks, denial of service.

  • Effectiveness of intrusion detection: few false positives, alerting of dangerous attacks.

  • User interface: ease of use, instructiveness, simplicity, quality of online help. Does the interface suit the way you use your PC ?

  • Price.

How did we test firewall/intrusion detection effectiveness?

  1. Ping and accessing shares to and from the test host.

  2. A powerful, well known "remote control" Trojan (Netbus Pro v2.1 [2]) was installed on the system on a nonstandard port (to make detection more difficult), the Netbus server started and attempts made to connect from a remote system.

  3. An nmap [1] scan was run, to check that incoming ports were effectively blocked. With another local PC launching nmaps againts the test PC and the following options (nmap -v -sT -P0 -O IP_ADDR).

  4. An nmap [1] scan was run, to check that incoming ports were effectively blocked. With another local PC launching nmaps againts the test PC and the following options (nmap -v -sP -P0 -O IP_ADDR).

  5. A test using Leaktest [4] was done.

  6. We checked the system ressource usage of the firewall during the tests (just in case).

  7. We tried to launch a modified (by us) release of IEXPLORE.EXE (C:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\IEXPLORE.EXE ) to check if the firewall detects the problem.

NB : These tests do not pretend to be exhaustives. By the way the aim is to be sure that the tested software offers at least expected security (or not) for a personnal use (do not compare this to professional use).

Jump to the test results.

Please see here the tests of previous release 2.x.
B - Overview

The Sygate firewall 4.x [3] is full of interesting features :

  • Possibility to allow/disallow some applications to connect to the net.

  • Possibility to allow/disallow some services (ports) .

  • Possibility to allow/disallow some protocols.

  • Possibility to define trusted IP addresses.

  • Possibility to send email notifications (when attacked).

  • Possibility to define time range for blocking all traffic (when asleep for example).

  • Possibility to define a password protection (such as in Conseal)

  • Download size : 3.5 MB

C - Prices

Free for personnal (home) use.

D - Security Effectiveness
  1. Ping: Impossible (in Normal mode). This is a good result.

  2. The Netbus server: Sygate 4 detect the Netbus server when started, unless you authorize it it's impossible to connect through it. The result of this test is good.

  3. An nmap scan without sygate (on Win 2000 OS SP1 with a "standard" installation, it means NetBios active and so on) :

    $ nmap -v -sT -P0 -O IP_ADDR

    Starting nmap V. 2.53 by [email protected] ( www.insecure.org/nmap/ )
    Initiating TCP connect() scan against (IP_ADDR)
    Adding TCP port 445 (state open).
    Adding TCP port 135 (state open).
    Adding TCP port 1025 (state open).
    Adding TCP port 913 (state open).
    Adding TCP port 139 (state open).

    The TCP connect scan took 0 seconds to scan 1523 ports.

    For OSScan assuming that port 135 is open and port 1 is closed and neither are firewalled

    Interesting ports on (IP_ADDR):
    (The 1518 ports scanned but not shown below are in state: closed)
    Port State Service
    135/tcp open loc-srv
    139/tcp open netbios-ssn
    445/tcp open microsoft-ds
    913/tcp open unknown
    1025/tcp open listen

    TCP Sequence Prediction: Class=random positive increments
    Difficulty=6634 (Worthy challenge)

    Sequence numbers: 747E9CE8 747F63FC 74800BF5 7480E3FE 7481BC4F 7482B3B2

    Remote operating system guess: Windows 2000 RC1 through final release

    Nmap run completed -- 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 10 seconds

    Gloups : you'd better have a firewall installed :+) !!!

    An nmap TCP scan with Sygate 4.x (on Win 2000 SP1 OS with a "standard" installation, it means NetBios active and so on) with options security level Normal activated gives events registered in the logs which is a good result for detection :

    $ nmap -v -sT -P0 -O IP_ADDR

    Starting nmap V. 2.53 by [email protected] ( www.insecure.org/nmap/ )
    Initiating TCP connect() scan against (IP_ADDR)
    The TCP connect scan took 1682 seconds to scan 1523 ports.
    Warning: No TCP ports found open on this machine, OS detection will be MUCH less reliable
    All 1523 scanned ports on (IP_ADDR) are: filtered
    Too many fingerprints match this host for me to give an accurate OS guess TCP/IP fingerprint:
    T5(Resp=N)
    T6(Resp=N)
    T7(Resp=N)
    PU(Resp=N)

    Nmap run completed -- 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 1870 seconds

    This means that with Sygate active ports looks unexistant and access attempts are logged. This is a good result.

  4. An nmap UDP scan with Sygate 4.x (on Win 2000 SP1 OS with a "standard" installation, it means NetBios active and so on) gives events registered in the log which is a good result for detection and in this case the protection seems efficient :

    $ nmap -v -sU -P0 IP_ADDR

    Starting nmap V. 2.53 by [email protected] ( www.insecure.org/nmap/ )
    Initiating FIN,NULL, UDP, or Xmas stealth scan against (IP_ADDR)
    The UDP or stealth FIN/NULL/XMAS scan took 90 seconds to scan 1448 ports.
    (no udp responses received -- assuming all ports filtered)
    All 1448 scanned ports on (IP_ADDR) are: filtered

    Nmap run completed -- 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 1755 seconds

    This means that the security seems efficient for UDP at security level Normal. This is a good result.

  5. The Leaktest : Sygate 4.x detects the launch of Leaktest and as for netbus , if you don't allow it it won't be able to connect. The result of this test is good.

  6. Sygate 4.x , in normal operations it uses up to 4 % max. Memory usage is 12 MB, up to 13 MB peek.

  7. The substitution test : (you can do it by yourself for example : you replace Iexplorer.exe with leaktest.exe - yes this one - by renaming the last one and launch it). The result is sygate allow the trojan horse to connect... the result of this test is bad.

E - Advantages
  1. Sygate 4 can be configured to block all trafic.

  2. You can specified ports associated to an allowed application (it won't stop the substitution test, but it's nice).

  3. Allows to warn through email.

  4. Allow to specify log size.

  5. Links to sygate online port scan test

F - Disadvantages
  1. Sygate 4 cannot makes any difference between local network connexions and Internet connexions.

  2. No way to add specific rules.

G - Suggested improvements
  • Allow to resize the main window GUI.

  • Allow to add specific rules (use to be available in the previous release).

  • Product internationalization.

H - Summary

A good tools, with low functionnalities.

Evaluation :

  • Installation process (2) : 15/20

  • Configuration , GUI (3) : 15/20

  • Filtering security (5) : 18/20

  • Additionnal security (3) : 12/20

  • Software load and memory usage (2) : 14/20

  • Import/Export configuration (2) : 0/20

  • Help , FAQ (2) : 10/20

  • Product internationalization (1) : 0/20

Total : 12.45 / 20

Note : the result may be modified with the release , and when adding new criteria or re-evaluating their weight or their content.

I - References
  1. Nmap - Network mapper, a really efficient tool to check networks
    URL http://www.insecure.org/nmap

  2. Netbus Pro - Remote control program often used as an attack tool to control remote PCs.
    URL http://www.netbus.org/
    URL download

  3. Sygate 4 firewall
    URL http://www.sygate.com

  4. Leaktest - Small testing software written by Steve Gibson to check firewalls. It makes a simple TCP (ftp) connexion that simulate sennding of personnal content, which can also be used to take remote controle in reverse mode (arg).
    URL http://grc.com/
    URL download